Climatic conditions of Nepal vary from one place to another in accordance with their geographical features. In the north summers are cool and winters severe, while in the south summers are tropical and winters are mild. Nepal has five seasons: spring, summer, monsoon, autumn and winter.
In the Terai (south Nepal), summer temperatures exceed 37° C and higher in some areas, winter temperatures range from 7°C to 23°C in the Terai. In mountainous regions, hills and valleys, summers are temperate while winter temperatures can plummet under sub zero. The Kathmandu valley has a pleasant climate with average summer and winter temperatures of 19°C – 35°C and 2°C – 12°C respectively.
Good to know is that on average temperatures drop 6°C for every 1,000 m you gain in altitude.
The Himalayas act as a barrier to the cold winds blowing from Central Asia in winter, and forms the northern boundary of the monsoon wind patterns. Eighty percent of all the rain in Nepal is received during the monsoon (June-September). Winter rains are more pronounced in the western hills. The average annual rainfall is 1,600 mm, but it varies by eco-climatic zones, such as 3,345 mm in Pokhara and below 300 mm in Mustang.
There is no seasonal constraint on traveling in and through Nepal. Even in December and January, when winter is at its severest, there are compensating bright sun and brilliant views. As with most of the trekking areas in Nepal, the best time to visit are during spring and autumn. Spring is the time for rhododendrons while the clearest skies are found after the monsoon in October and November. However, Nepal can be visited the whole year round.
Average temperatures and rainfall during peak summer and winter in three most popular tourist areas:
|Place||Summer (May, June, July)||Winter (Dec, Jan, Feb)|
|Max (°C)||Min (°C)||Rain (mm)||Max (°C)||Min (°C)||Rain (mm)|
For more information about Nepal’s climatic conditions, please visit the official web site of the Department of Hydrology & Meteorology, Ministry of Environment.
I feel lucky that my first trek in Nepal was with Wangda. His route to Pikey Peak was unique– it was a privilege to stay in his family home and with his other family members throughout the trek. We learnt about Sherpa life and culture first-hand and enjoyed many freshly prepared meals, which were extra satisfying after a day of trekking. Wangda and his four porters went out of their way to make sure we were well-fed, safe and comfortable. The
trek was fantastic – especially the walk along the ridge with great mountain views to the Pikey base camp (where we had a brilliantly memorable evening dancing around to traditional Sherpa songs and drinking the local rakshi) and from the peak down through forests to the picturesque town of Junbesi, which is full of orchards. The peak was incredible we had a panoramic 360-degree view that encompassed Annapurna and the Everest range at sunrise – and it was all to ourselves too. Wangda is also great fun with a sense of humour- he kept us entertained throughout.
I hope to go back to Nepal one day and now I’ve been on a trek with Wangda, I wouldn’t want to go with any other guide.
Rose Lock, October 2017
I have recently returned from a trek to Pikey Peak with Wangda Sherpa as our guide. It was my second visit to Nepal.
The previous time was to the Annapurna region with Wangda’s father Lakpa as our guide. This time we were looking for a trek in a less commercialised region, with a chance to discover more about Sherpa culture and traditions,
which is exactly what we got. Staying in Sherpa houses and finding out about their way of life, gave us a unique insight into the lives of these proud and resourceful people. Wangda was a superb guide. The trek to Pikey Peak took us through some beautiful mountain countryside with amazing views including the whole of the Everest range. Wangda ensured our comfort and safety at all times, whilst he was only too happy to answer all our questions about the country and people. Thanks to him the whole trip was a wonderful and memorable experience from start to finish.
Mike Cant UK”
“For me, the walk with Wangda to Peekey Peak was the trip of a lifetime. I’d never travelled anywhere challenging before and was both excited and apprehensive about it, as I have dietary needs and a chronic health condition. I needn’t have worried as Wangda and his team took great care and always ensured that we were well fed and hydrated – wherever we went there were always plenty of hot drinks and extra portions, if we wanted them. This isn’t a trip for the faint hearted – some of the accommodation is pretty basic – but it gives you a unique insight into the lives of the Sherpa people. They are tough, kind and good humoured. They may lack materially but this is more than compensated by their culture, community and family ties, and their love of the Himalayas.”
We had a fabulous time trekking around Wangda’s homeland. The whole trip was a great adventure from the jeep ride out of Kathmandu, the hospitality and friendship of the Sherpa people, the fantastic scenery and of course sunrise over Everest.
Every day was different, the food always freshly cooked, tasty and well portioned. We stayed in Sherpa homesteads and spent many an evening enjoying their hospitality, eating, drinking and dancing.Wangda and his team were brilliant, a great sense of humour, very knowledgeable and an admirable command of English from their leader. Also quite sensitive to our western needs so they took some cereals, coffee, and snickers for us -a nice touch!
A real adventure to be treasured forever!
In September 2017, my wife and I went an unforgettably amazing trek in the Mustang region with Lakpa. In addition to being a very experienced and trained guide, Lakpa is also a Buddhist monk and was able to show us the cultural depth of this traditional region better than we could have ever imagined.Upon our return to Kathmandu, Wangda took great care of us, taking us to must-see places such as the Patan Museum and Patan palace. Wangda made our visit fascinating by describing the various religious rites and cultures, putting it all into context for us.In addition to their guide activities both Lakpa and Wangda are very involved in development projects in and around their village in Eastern Nepal, including projects to rebuild damaged schools, finding funding for much-needed school resources (book bags, solar lights for doing homework, etc.). My wife and I were deeply moved by both Lakpa and Wangda as through their openness, generosity, and professionalism.- Brian Smith (Mustang Tour and Kathmandu valley trips, September 2017)Germany”
Last April I went on a beautiful trekking to Annapurna Basecamp with Wangda. Wangda is a very good guide and the trekking became a special trip because of all the interesting conversations we had and everything he told me about Nepal, India, and Buddhism among other things. Already during my trip I was fantasizing about the next trekking I want to do with Wangda and now that I’m back in Holland… I have to decide when to go; this year or next year?